Standard Article

Mendel, Gregor (1822–1884)

  1. Thomas D. Watts

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0884

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Watts, T. D. 2011. Mendel, Gregor (1822–1884). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


Gregor Mendel was an Augustinian priest and monk, and noted biologist. In 1843, he entered the Augustinian Order at St. Thomas Monastery in Brünn (now Brno in the Czech Republic) and was ordained a priest in 1847. The Augustinians had been established in Moravia since 1350, and St. Thomas Monastery was renowned as a center of learning. Mendel later wrote that his preference for the natural sciences developed in this stimulating setting, for the monastery had a mineralogical collection, a herbarium, a botanical garden, and other resources that provided a fertile environment for experiments and research.


  • Mendel, Gregor (1822–1884);
  • Augustinian priest and monk, and noted biologist;
  • St. Thomas Monastery;
  • Mendel, famous study of pea plants;
  • elected abbot of the monastery