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Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756–1791)

  1. Jane Schatkin Hettrick

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0947

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Hettrick, J. S. 2011. Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756–1791). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


Mozart was a believing Catholic, although his faith was intermingled with Enlightenment ideas. He joined the Masonic lodge “Zur Wohlthätigkeit” in 1784. His letters refer to the will of God, submission to God, and belief in heaven. Although he composed in all genres of classical music, he had a special love of church music which, according to his wife Constanze, was his favorite genre. His earliest works include two masterworks of sacred music: the motet Exsultate Jubilate, with its brilliant final Alleluia; and the Mass in C Minor, K139 (Waisenhausmesse, 1768), which, because of its profundity, was until recently believed to be a much later work.


  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756–1791);
  • classical music, and love of church music;
  • motet exsultate jubilate, with its brilliant final alleluia;
  • best-known sacred work, the requiem;
  • Mozart, poised as kapellmeister of St. Stephen's Cathedral