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Gregory of Nazianzus, Saint (329–389)

  1. Connie Dawson

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0972

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Dawson, C. 2011. Gregory of Nazianzus, Saint (329–389). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


Gregory of Nazianzus, known as “The Theologian,” was one of the three Cappadocian Fathers of the Eastern Church. His mother, Nonna, was a deeply pious woman who dedicated him to God before his birth in 329. Gregory's father, also named Gregory, was converted to Christianity from Hypsistarianism (a Cappadocian pagan religion which mixed Christian and Jewish beliefs) by his wife. Within a short time of Gregory the elder's conversion, he was ordained into the priesthood and became Bishop of Nazianzus. Gregory was the second of three children; he greatly admired his elder sister, Georgiana, and his younger brother, Caesarius, became a prosperous physician in Constantinople.


  • Gregory of Nazianzus, Saint (329–389);
  • “the theologian”;
  • “theological orations”;
  • 45 orations