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Newman, Cardinal John Henry (1801–1890)

  1. Michael Coulter

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc0985

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Coulter, M. 2011. Newman, Cardinal John Henry (1801–1890). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

Abstract

John Henry Newman, born in London on February 21, 1801, was an important 19th century Catholic theologian and a famous convert to the Catholic Church. Newman was proclaimed “venerable” in 1991 after a thorough examination of his life and work by the Congregation for the Causes of Saints. An influential author, he was a major figure in the Oxford Movement, which sought to bring the Church of England back to its Catholic roots. These beliefs pushed him toward reforming the church and contributed to his conversion from the Anglican Church to Catholicism.

Keywords:

  • Newman, Cardinal John Henry (1801–1890);
  • catholic theologian;
  • form of evangelical calvinism;
  • Oxford movement;
  • tracts for the times, doctrine and discipline