Standard Article

Northern Baptist Convention

  1. Ron J. Bigalke Jr.

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1003

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Bigalke, R. J. 2011. Northern Baptist Convention. The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


The genesis and progress of missions on the part of American Baptists was the result of the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. Baptists were favorable toward the Revolution, which made their reputation positive. Numerous revivals extended Baptist growth. The Second Great Awakening also augmented Baptist growth. Foreign missions began quickly in America through men such as William Carey. Religious liberty in America also contributed to Baptist growth. However, there were also difficulties due to the lack of attaining theological harmony. Some Baptists became anti-missionary minded, whereas those who were missionary minded could not agree regarding evangelistic organization. The main events contributing to missional genesis and progress by American Baptists was the formation of “Three Great Societies,” for foreign missions (1814), tracts and publications (1824), and home missions (1832). The Second Great Awakening, which began during the late 1790s and extended until the early 1830s, would greatly enhance the labor of the “Three Great Societies.”


  • northern baptist convention;
  • the second great awakening, and baptist growth;
  • American baptists, “three great societies”;
  • yearnings, for better effectiveness, unanimity