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Oecolampadius, Johannes (c.1482–1531)

  1. Michael Whiting

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1011

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Whiting, M. 2011. Oecolampadius, Johannes (c.1482–1531). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

Abstract

Johannes Huszgen (“house light”) was born in Württemberg around the year 1482. He later matriculated at the University of Heidelberg and achieved his M.A. in 1503. Turning down a legal career, he became a tutor until accepting a preachership in his native Weinsberg in 1510 (where he also adopted the humanist rendering “Oecolampadius”). While matriculated at Tübingen, he met Melancthon and the famous Reuchlin, becoming an admirable humanist scholar of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. Oecolampadius taught Greek at Heidelberg and developed a friendship with Wolfgang Capito, whom he eventually followed to the city of Basle (recently absorbed into the Swiss Confederation). He preached, assisted in the editing and printing of Erasmus' Greek New Testament (1516), and went on to study for a doctorate of divinity. As a result of his collegial acquaintance with Erasmus, Oecolampadius became enamored with the patristic fathers and collaborated in the publishing of an edition of Jerome. He was especially drawn to the mystical leanings of Greek writers such as Chrysostom and Gregory of Nazianzus.

Keywords:

  • Oecolampadius, Johannes (c.1482–1531);
  • preacher and lecturer in basle;
  • Oecolampadius, exercising pastoral responsibilities