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Pachomius (c.290–346)

  1. Edward L. Smither

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1030

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Smither, E. L. 2011. Pachomius (c.290–346). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


Pachomius was born into a pagan family in Upper Egypt in the late 3rd century. Though ethnically Coptic, his writings show that he was competent in both Coptic and Greek. Conscripted into the Roman army as a young man, Pachomius was noticeably touched by the care of a Christian during a time of apparent difficulty. Following his release from the army in 313, he returned to Upper Egypt where he was converted and baptized.


  • Pachomius (c.290–346);
  • ethnically coptic, both coptic and Greek;
  • commitment to monastic living;
  • the eucharist, on saturdays and sundays;
  • Pachomian koinonia, and dialogue