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Rembrandt (1606–1669)

  1. Ron J. Bigalke Jr.

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1158

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Bigalke, R. J. 2011. Rembrandt (1606–1669). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

Abstract

Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn was born the son of a wealthy miller and baker's daughter in Leyden, July 15, 1606, and died in Amsterdam, October 4, 1669. He began his studies at Municipal Latin School in 1613 where he received a classical education, and enrolled at the University of Leyden in 1620. Rembrandt withdrew from academic training at Leyden to study art. From 1622–1624, he studied as an apprentice with a local painter, Jacob van Swanenburgh, who was influenced by Flemish painter Hieronymus Bosch (1474–1516). Swanenburgh taught him to reproduce models and to seek inspiration from other artists. He developed his artistic ability during approximately six months of training with a separate artist, Pieter Lastman, in Amsterdam. Lastman was a renowned historical painter who influenced Rembrandt to paint portraits, still lifes, and portraits, but especially in regards to the biblical and mythological subjects of his art. Following his training with Lastman, he returned to Leyden in 1625, so highly regarded that he accepted his first student, Gerrit Dou (1613–1675), in 1628. By 1629, Rembrandt was already renowned, and his reputation extended to The Hague where he worked for the Prince of Orange, with another artist, John Lievens. Following his father's death in 1630, Rembrandt moved to Amsterdam in 1631 and lived with Dutch art dealer Hendrick van Uylenburgh as his landlord.

Keywords:

  • Rembrandt (1606–1669);
  • portrait of nicolaes ruts;
  • the raising of the cross, rembrandt as soldier;
  • famous paintings, the return of the prodigal son