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Salieri, Antonio (1750–1825)

  1. Jane Schatkin Hettrick

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1202

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Hettrick, J. S. 2011. Salieri, Antonio (1750–1825). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

Abstract

Antonio Salieri was born on August 18, 1750, at Legnago in Italy, and died in Vienna on May 7, 1825. A composer who achieved fame through his more than 40 operas, Salieri turned to sacred music primarily after he became Hofkapellmeister (director of the court chapel) in 1788 to the Habsburg court, the highest official position in music in Vienna. The last Italian to hold this position, Salieri owes his importance in the history of church music to his association with and artistic administration of the Hofmusikkapelle. During his 36 year tenure (the longest in the history of this institution), he controlled the repertoire, selected and trained members of the ensemble, including choirboys, influenced the appointment of other musical workers (e.g. organ builder), and the acquisition of instruments. He set standards of performance that obtained for decades. His influence extended through his students (Joseph Eybler, Simon Sechter, Joseph Weigl, Ignaz Assmayr, Benedikt Randhartinger), who occupied leading positions in the Hofmusikkapelle well into the 19th century. The best-known of his some 60 students is Franz Schubert, a choirboy and composition pupil under Salieri's tutelage for eight years, whose early Masses reflect his teacher's style.

Keywords:

  • Salieri, Antonio (1750–1825);
  • Salieri and church music, administration of hofmusikkapelle;
  • four orchestral masses, one a cappella mass, one requiem;
  • humility and trust, in providence of God