Standard Article


  1. Dwight P. Baker

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1254

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Baker, D. P. 2011. Shakers. The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, or Shakers as they were commonly called, was an early and long-lived flowering of the wave of utopian communities, some religiously based and others not, that flourished in the new United States during its first century. In the mid 19th century, Shaker communities spread widely from Maine through New England, New York, Ohio, and Indiana, to Kentucky. Only one Shaker community remains active today.


  • shakers;
  • united society of believers in christ's second appearing, or shakers;
  • shakerism, camisard prophetism, quaker separatism pacifism;
  • shakers, an orderly and bounded structure;
  • shaker, communities and religious practices