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Spener, Philip Jacob (1635–1705)

  1. Timothy Maschke

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1295

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Maschke, T. 2011. Spener, Philip Jacob (1635–1705). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


Born on January 13, 1635, in the Alsatian village of Rappoltsweiler. As the father of Pietism, his most famous work, Pia Desideria, continues to influence Christians who deeply desire more than a formal approach to spirituality. His mother introduced him to Bible reading and his favorite book, his father's copy of Johann Arndt's True Christianity. He read Puritan writers who criticized traditional Christianity as being cerebral, lacking in true holiness, and genuine morality. His pastor, Joachim Stoll (1615–1678), was his lifelong mentor, becoming his brother-in-law after marrying Spener's oldest sister.


  • Spener, Philip Jacob (1635–1705);
  • father of pietism, famous work, pia desideria;
  • court chaplain, influential position in lutheranism