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Hilarion, Saint (c.291–371)

  1. Michael Heintz

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1304

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Heintz, M. 2011. Hilarion, Saint (c.291–371). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

Abstract

Hilarion was a Palestinian monk of the 4th century. Epiphanius of Salamis (d. 403 ce), who had known him personally, had praised him in a letter that is no longer extant but was known to Jerome, whose Vita Hilarionis (composed c.391 ce) is the principal source of information regarding Hilarion. Sozomen (d. 447/448 ce), himself educated by monks in Palestine, mentions Hilarion in his multivolume Historia (at 3.14 and 5.10 and 15); while it is possible that he drew upon Jerome's earlier Vita, his own training by Palestinian monks might account for his knowledge of the traditions surrounding Hilarion.

Keywords:

  • Hilarion, Saint (c.291–371);
  • palestinian monk, of the 4th century;
  • Hilarion's supernatural powers, mastery over the demonic