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Peter, Saint (d. c.64)

  1. Andreas J. Köstenberger

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1308

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Köstenberger, A. J. 2011. Peter, Saint (d. c.64). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


Simon (nicknamed Peter, “the Rock,” by Jesus) was a 1st century Galilean who, together with his brother Andrew, was working in his family fishing business when he was called by Jesus to follow him. Peter is mentioned first in all four apostolic lists in the New Testament (Matt. 10:2; Mark 3:16; Luke 6:13; Acts 1:13), which attests to his towering stature among Jesus' inner circle, the twelve disciples. Peter forged an especially close relationship with John, his former fishing partner (Luke 5:10), with whom he is linked during Jesus' ministry and in the days of the early church (Luke 5:10; 22:8; John 13:23–24; 18:15–16; 20:2–9; 21; Acts 1:13; 3–4; 8:14–25; Gal. 2:9). In the Gospels, he frequently serves as the spokesman for the twelve disciples (e.g. Matt. 14:28; 15:15; 18:21; 26:35, 40; Mark 8:29; 9:5; 10:28; John 6:68).


  • Peter, Saint (d. c.64);
  • Simon (Peter, “the Rock,” by Jesus);
  • Peter's confession of Jesus as the messiah;
  • author of two new testament epistles