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Suárez, Francisco (1548–1617)

  1. Gary Macy

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1326

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Macy, G. 2011. Suárez, Francisco (1548–1617). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


The Spanish theologian Francisco Suárez is often considered the greatest of the Jesuit theo-logians. Titled doctor eximius et pius by Pope Paul V, Suárez studied philosophy and theology at Salamanca and taught there from 1564 until 1570. He later taught in Rome from 1580 until 1585, at Alcalá from 1585 until 1593 and at Coimbra from 1597 until 1616. His most famous works are De Verbo Incarnato (1590), De Mysteriis Vitae Christi (1592), Varia Opuscula Theologica (1599), De Vera Intelligentia Auxilii Efficacis (1605), De Virtute et Statu Religionis (1608–1609), De Legibus (1612), Defensio Fidei (against Anglicanism; 1613), and three post-humous works, De Necessitate Gratia (1619), De Gratia Habituali (1619), and De Gratia Actuali (1651).


  • Suárez, Francisco (1548–1617);
  • greatest of the jesuit theologians;
  • Suárez position, known as “congruism”