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Virgin Mary

  1. David Leinweber

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1440

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Leinweber, D. 2011. Virgin Mary. The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


The Virgin Mary was the Mother of Jesus Christ. Her giving birth to Christ as a virgin — though occasionally the subject of controversy and debate even within the church — manifests a major theological pillar of classical, orthodox Christianity. Mary is still today one of the most well-loved of the New Testament's dramatis personae. As well as being a major figure in the New Testament, and in Christian doctrine and theology, the Virgin Mary is also an iconic figure in western art and culture.


  • Virgin Mary;
  • the mother of Jesus Christ, subject of controversy;
  • Archangel Gabriel's “annunciation” to Mary, Luke 1:32–33;
  • Virgin Mary and the rise of the cult of the saints;
  • iconic Mary of western culture