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Warneck, Gustav (1834–1910)

  1. Iain S. Maclean

Published Online: 25 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470670606.wbecc1454

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization

How to Cite

Maclean, I. S. 2011. Warneck, Gustav (1834–1910). The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 NOV 2011


Founder of modern Christian theory of missions or missiology, Gustav Warneck was born in Naumberg, graduated from the Latin Gymnasium in Halle in 1855, and proceeded to study theology at the University of Halle, where he was influenced by F. A. Tholuck's theology. After theological exams, he worked as a tutor and completed his second theological exams before being appointed to pastoral positions in Bitterfeld and Dommitzsch. From 1871 to 1874 he served as theological teacher for the Rhenish Mission Society in Barmen. This marked his only direct engagement in the mission field, yet it ignited a lifelong interest and engagement in developing a science of missions. Thus, in 1874 he founded the journal Allgemeine Missionszeitschrift, and returned to parish work in Eisleben. In 1879 after attending a Holiness Conference at Brighton, he established the first Halle Missions Conference. In 1896 he was appointed honorary Professor of the Science of Missions at the Halle Theological Faculty, this being the first appointment in this field in Germany.


  • Warneck, Gustav (1834–1910);
  • founder, of modern christian theory of missions or missiology;
  • journal allgemeine missionszeitschrift