Standard Article

Hollywood Unions and Hollywood Blacklists

2. 1929 to 1945

3. 1939–1945

  1. Larry Ceplair

Published Online: 13 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470671153.wbhaf042

The Wiley-Blackwell History of American Film

The Wiley-Blackwell History of American Film

How to Cite

Ceplair, L. 2011. Hollywood Unions and Hollywood Blacklists. The Wiley-Blackwell History of American Film. 2:3:40.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 NOV 2011

Abstract

The history of blacklisting in the Hollywood motion picture industry is inseparable from the history of union activity there. To understand the connection, three types of labor struggles must be delineated: (1) those with studio heads for recognition and for better conditions and benefits; (2) those with other unions for jurisdiction over jobs; and (3) those between union federations on the issue of democratic unionism or local autonomy. As will be evident, studio executives regularly inserted themselves into types 2 and 3. The main player in all these struggles was the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees and Moving Picture Machine Operators of the United States and Canada (IATSE).

Keywords:

  • blacklist;
  • Brewer;
  • communism;
  • hollywood ten;
  • IATSE;
  • screen writers guild;
  • Sorrell;
  • un-American activities