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  1. Norman Miller,
  2. Linli Yang

Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470672532.wbepp005

The Encyclopedia of Peace Psychology

The Encyclopedia of Peace Psychology

How to Cite

Miller, N. and Yang, L. 2011. Aggression. The Encyclopedia of Peace Psychology. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2011


Aggression and violence between individuals and groups remains a persistent problem and phenomenon. Verbal attack, slanderous gossip, family abuse, street assault, robbery, rape, and murder are among the aggressive acts that, rather than disappearing with developing civilization, persist as a lingering shadow. Such pervasiveness calls for an understanding of the nature and causes of aggression, as well as means of controlling and reducing it.


  • aggression;
  • cognitive neo-associationistic model;
  • displaced and trigger-displaced aggression;
  • excitation transfer;
  • general aggression model;
  • social learning;
  • vicarious retribution