Competition Theory of Ethnic/Racial Conflict and Protest
Published Online: 14 JAN 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social and Political Movements
How to Cite
Olzak, S. 2013. Competition Theory of Ethnic/Racial Conflict and Protest. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social and Political Movements. .
- Published Online: 14 JAN 2013
Competition theory of race and ethnic conflict specifies three mechanisms under which racial/ethnic conflict and protest occurs. The first reflects a familiar “racial threat” argument, suggesting that the magnitude of response by dominant groups depends on the timing and size of the incoming group and on the clarity of ethnic distinctions made between newcomers and residents (Blalock 1967). Thus, particularly large and concentrated waves of newcomers perceived as ethnically or racially distinct are especially likely to receive a hostile response. Furthermore, as migration and immigration of distinct ethnic and racial populations surge, the potential for protest or violence directed against ethnically distinct newcomers becomes more likely (Koopmans & Olzak 2004).
- collective behavior;
- political sociology;