Chapter 4. Psychiatry of the Whole Person – Contribution of Spirituality in form of Mystic (Sufi) Thinking

  1. Peter J. Verhagen Psychiatrist Theologian2,
  2. Herman M. Van Praag Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry3,
  3. Juan J. López-Ibor Jr Professor of Psychiatry4,
  4. John L Cox Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry5 and
  5. Driss Moussaoui Professor of Psychiatry6
  1. Ahmad Mohit Professor of Psychiatry

Published Online: 13 NOV 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470682203.ch4

Religion and Psychiatry: Beyond Boundaries

Religion and Psychiatry: Beyond Boundaries

How to Cite

Mohit, A. (2010) Psychiatry of the Whole Person – Contribution of Spirituality in form of Mystic (Sufi) Thinking, in Religion and Psychiatry: Beyond Boundaries (eds P. J. Verhagen, H. M. Van Praag, J. J. López-Ibor, J. L. Cox and D. Moussaoui), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470682203.ch4

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Meerkanten GGZ, Harderwijk, The Netherlands

  2. 3

    University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands

  3. 4

    Complutense University, Madrid, Spain

  4. 5

    University of Gloucestershire, United Kingdom

  5. 6

    Ibn Rushd University, Casablanca, Morocco

Author Information

  1. Iran

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 NOV 2009
  2. Published Print: 8 JAN 2010

Book Series:

  1. World Psychiatric Association Evidence and Experience in Psychiatry Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Helen Herrman

Series Editor Information

  1. WPA Secretary for Publications, University of Melbourne, Australia

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470694718

Online ISBN: 9780470682203



  • psychiatry of whole person – contribution of spirituality in form of mystic (Sufi) thinking;
  • whole person (beyond bio-psycho-social);
  • levels of pure and separate sensation and isolated perceptions;
  • ‘spirituality’ - from belonging or inner devotion to religion or ecclesiastic;
  • Greek, Middle East and Mesopotamia - different domains of spiritual experience;
  • belief in a holy power, Brahman - as eternal principle Atman in each individual;
  • worldview in middle Eastern thought;
  • Islamic philosophy - roots in Greek philosophy;
  • Zoroastrian and Judaist thoughts about the afterworld - answering for goodness and transgressions;
  • holism and reductionism in modern philosophy and science


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Whole Person (Beyond Bio-Psycho-Social)

  • What is Spirituality?

  • Some Historical Observations on Different Domains of the Spiritual Experience

  • Worldview in Middle Eastern Thought

  • Holism and Reductionism in Modern Philosophy and Science. A Comparison with Mystic Thoughts [32]

  • Conclusion and Some Lessons for the Future

  • References