Chapter 6. Individual Differences, Work Stress and Health

  1. Cary L. Cooper Professor Editor-in-Chief President Chair Fellow2,
  2. Dr. James Campbell Quick Professor Fellow3 and
  3. Marc J. Schabracq health psychologist consultant4
  1. Norbert K. Semmer and
  2. Laurenz L. Meier

Published Online: 17 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470682357.ch6

International Handbook of Work and Health Psychology, Third Edition

International Handbook of Work and Health Psychology, Third Edition

How to Cite

Semmer, N. K. and Meier, L. L. (2009) Individual Differences, Work Stress and Health, in International Handbook of Work and Health Psychology, Third Edition (eds C. L. Cooper, J. C. Quick and M. J. Schabracq), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470682357.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Lancaster University Management School, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YW, UK

  2. 3

    Goolsby Leadership Academy, The University of Texas at Arlington, PO Box 19377, Arlington, TX 76019-0377, USA

  3. 4

    Human Factor Development, The Netherlands

Author Information

  1. University of Bern, Department of Psychology Muesmattstr. 45, 3012 Bern, Switzerland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 DEC 2009
  2. Published Print: 11 DEC 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470998069

Online ISBN: 9780470682357

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Keywords:

  • individual differences and health;
  • links between work stress and strain;
  • mechanisms in individual differences in stress reactions;
  • personality role in stress experience - ‘translating’ into stressful experiences;
  • encountering stressors and socioeconomic status;
  • people and their coping with stressful situations;
  • stress, and appraisals of threat and/or loss;
  • Hardiness - commitment, challenge and control;
  • coping, concepts in research on stress and response tendencies;
  • coping or distress-intensity - emotion-focused coping, ‘inability to cope’

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Individual Differences and Stress Experiences: Basic Mechanisms

  • What Makes Stressors Stressful? The Role of Goals and Aspirations in the Stress Process

  • Vulnerable VS. Resilient Persons

  • Response Tendencies and Coping

  • Final Comments

  • References