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Synthesis of Cyclobutanes

Cyclobutanes (2005)

  1. E. Lee-Ruff

Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470682531.pat0322

Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups

Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups

How to Cite

Lee-Ruff, E. 2009. Synthesis of Cyclobutanes. Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups. .

Author Information

  1. York University, Department of Chemistry, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

Abstract

  • 1
    Introduction
  • 2
    [2 + 2] Cycloadditions
  • 3
    Ring Expansion of Cyclopropylcarbinyl Precursors
  • 4
    1,4-Cyclization of Acyclic Substrates
  • 5
    Cyclobutanes from C3 and C1 Building Blocks
  • 6
    Other Methods
  • 7
    Summary
  • 8
    Acknowledgments

Keywords:

  • four-carbon ring system;
  • C–C bonds and four stereogenic centers;
  • cyclobutane synthesis;
  • solid state and solution phase photochemistry differences;
  • vinylogous cinnamate intramolecular photodimerization;
  • cyclopropylcarbinyl precursor ring expansion;
  • terminal diyne palladium-catalyzed cyclization;
  • cyclobutane construction and Mitsunobu-type condensations