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Highly Unsaturated Cyclobutane Derivatives

Cyclobutanes (2005)

  1. Richard P. Johnson

Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470682531.pat0328

Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups

Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups

How to Cite

Johnson, R. P. 2009. Highly Unsaturated Cyclobutane Derivatives. Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups. .

Author Information

  1. University of New Hampshire, Department of Chemistry, Durham, NH, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

Abstract

  • 1
    Introduction
  • 2
    1,3-Cyclobutadiene
  • 3
    Butalene Chemistry
  • 4
    Other C4H4 Isomers
  • 5
    More Highly Unsaturated C4 Structures
  • 6
    Heterocyclic Analogs
  • 7
    Conclusions
  • 8
    Acknowledgments

Keywords:

  • highly unsaturated cyclobutane derivatives;
  • cyclobutadiene role in aromaticity and antiaromaticity theory;
  • isolable 1,3-cyclobutadienes;
  • cyclobutadiene in synthesis;
  • butalene chemistry;
  • REPE (resonance energy per electron) method to butalene;
  • perfluorination and dramatic effects on reaction energetics;
  • cyclobutyne rearrangements