Standard Article

Analytical Aspects of Metal Phenolates

Metal Phenolates (2013)

  1. Jacob Zabicky

Published Online: 28 APR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9780470682531.pat0609

Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups

Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups

How to Cite

Zabicky, J. 2014. Analytical Aspects of Metal Phenolates. Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups. 1–64.

Author Information

  1. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Department of Chemical Engineering, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 APR 2014


The analytical methods are approached in three ways: (i) detection and quantitation of specific metal phenolates, especially the simpler ones used in industry; (ii) methods of detection and quantitation involving selective formation of a complex of the analyte with a phenolic ligand, taking advantage of special properties of the complex (optical, luminescent, electrochemical, phase transfer, etc.); (iii) certain metal–phenolate complexes act as analytical tools, specifically interacting as hosts with the analyte or by interchanging the metal ions and undergoing changes of properties (optical, luminescent, electrochemical, etc.) that can be applied to detection or quantitation. Although in approaches (ii) and (iii) the main subject is selective metal cation recognition, some attention is also paid to selective recognition of anions and molecules. For completeness of the analytical methods covered by phenolic reagents or complexes, specific recognition of ammonium ions, and especially quaternary ammonium ones, is discussed in a special section.


  • ionophores;
  • optodes;
  • chemosensors;
  • ion-selective electrodes;
  • fluorescent quenching;
  • fluorescent enhancement;
  • chromogenic detectors;
  • quaternary ammonium phenolates;
  • liquid–liquid extraction;
  • solid-phase extraction