Standard Article

Mass Spectrometry and Gas-phase Ion Chemistry of Metal–phenolate and Metal–phenol complexes

Metal Phenolates (2013)

  1. Sergiu P. Palii1,
  2. Constantin M. Indricean2,
  3. Mihail D. Revenco3

Published Online: 29 APR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9780470682531.pat0619

Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups

Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups

How to Cite

P. Palii, S., M. Indricean, C. and D. Revenco, M. 2014. Mass Spectrometry and Gas-phase Ion Chemistry of Metal–phenolate and Metal–phenol complexes. Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups. 1–60.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Biomedical Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, Clinical Research Center, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610-0322, USA

  2. 2

    Institute of Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Moldova, Academiei Str. 3, Chişinău, MD-2028, Republic of Moldova

  3. 3

    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Moldova State University, Alexei Mateevici Str. 60, Chişinău, MD-2009, Republic of Moldova

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 APR 2014


The current chapter summarizes 276 references to offer an up-to-date survey of literature on the mass spectrometry and gas-phase ion chemistry of phenolate- or phenol-containing metal complexes and their chalcogenide thio- and seleno-analogs. Analytical applications of MS techniques to the characterization of these metal–ligand systems are discussed. The latter include more than 400 species such as mixed-ligand metal complexes, bifunctional compounds containing organometallic and classical Werner-type coordination sites, nanoclusters, species with metal–metal bonds, mixed-metal complexes, etc. Some of them are isomers. The reviewed data provides the reader with a solid foundation for selecting the adequate MS instrumentation in related future studies. Data on gas-phase ion structure, energetics and reactivity are summarized as well. Circa 150 examples of ion/molecule reactions with the participation of metal-containing ions and phenol or thiophenol derivatives are examined. Additionally, the review addresses the 3D structural features of several model complexes between metal ions and phenol- or thiophenol-related species as determined from theoretical calculations and IRMPD spectroscopic measurements, as well as their use for elucidation of the nature of metal cation–π interaction or σ-binding, which mimic the active centers of biomolecular systems.


  • metal–phenolate derivatives;
  • mixed-ligand metal complexes;
  • mass spectrometry;
  • gas-phase ion chemistry;
  • ionization methods;
  • ion/molecule reactions;
  • metal cation–π interaction;
  • isomer differentiation;
  • IRMPD spectroscopy;
  • neutralization–reionization mass spectra