Organic Diselenides, Ditellurides, Polyselenides and Polytellurides. Synthesis and Reactions
Organic Selenium and Tellurium (2013)
Published Online: 17 JUN 2013
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Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups
How to Cite
Potapov, V. A. 2013. Organic Diselenides, Ditellurides, Polyselenides and Polytellurides. Synthesis and Reactions. Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups. .
- Published Online: 17 JUN 2013
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Organic diselenides and ditellurides represent very important classes of compounds, which find valuable applications in organochalcogen chemistry and in organic synthesis. The review describes the main efficient and reliable approaches to organic diselenides and ditellurides and their principal chemical reactions. Examples of syntheses of tri- and polyselenides and -tellurides have been presented. Typical reactions of organic diselenides and ditellurides with nucleophiles, electrophiles, radicals, carbenes and compounds containing the element-element bond have been discussed in the review. Regio- and stereoselective reactions of organic diselenides and ditellurides with unsaturated compounds provide various chalcogenyl and bis(chalcogenyl) derivatives, which are often used in further transformations including stereoselective synthesis of functionalized alkenes. Along with valuable chemical reactions, organic diselenides and ditellurides act as precursors of both nucleophilic and electrophilic selenium and tellurium species, which participate in various useful transformations. The remarkable property of reacting with high regio- and stereoselectivity finds widespread application of selenium and tellurium species in organic synthesis. Besides valuable synthetic applications, organic diselenides and ditellurides exhibit various biological activities including glutathione peroxidase-like action. Aspects of biological activity of these compounds as well as a comparison of selenol–diselenide and thiol–disulfide reversible exchange reactions have been discussed in the review.