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Peroxide Explosives

Peroxides (2014)

  1. Thomas M. Klapötke,
  2. Thomas Wloka

Published Online: 28 APR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9780470682531.pat0879

Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups

Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups

How to Cite

Klapötke, T. M. and Wloka, T. 2014. Peroxide Explosives. Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups. 1–28.

Author Information

  1. Department of Chemistry, Energetic Materials Research, Ludwig-Maximilian University Munich (LMU), Munich,, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 APR 2014

Abstract

Triacetone triperoxide (TATP) is formed from acetone in sulfuric acid solution when acted upon hydrogen peroxide. Like most other organic peroxides TATP has very high impact, friction and thermal sensitivity. TATP displays the properties of a primary explosive. For this reason and because of its tendency to sublime it is not used in practice (apart from terrorist and suicide bomber activities). Because of the use of TATP by terrorists, a reliable and fast detection of this material is desirable. In addition to conventional analytical methods such as mass spectrometry and UV (ultra violet) spectroscopy specially trained explosive detection dogs (EDD) play an important role in the detection of organic peroxides. Typical organic peroxides, which have or may be used by terrorists, so-called homemade explosives (HMEs) discussed in this chapter are: TATP (triacetone triperoxide), HMTD (hexamethylene triperoxide diamine), MEKP (methyl ethyl ketone peroxide) and DADP (diacetone diperoxide).

Keywords:

  • diacetone diperoxide;
  • explosives;
  • hexamethylenetriperoxodiamine;
  • methyl ethyl ketone peroxide;
  • triacetone triperoxide