Chapter 16. Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy

  1. William H. Herman3,
  2. Ann Louise Kinmonth4,
  3. Nicholas J. Wareham5 and
  4. Rhys Williams6
  1. Ayad Al-Bemani1 and
  2. Roy Taylor2

Published Online: 12 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470682807.ch16

The Evidence Base for Diabetes Care, Second Edition

The Evidence Base for Diabetes Care, Second Edition

How to Cite

Al-Bemani, A. and Taylor, R. (2010) Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy, in The Evidence Base for Diabetes Care, Second Edition (eds W. H. Herman, A. L. Kinmonth, N. J. Wareham and R. Williams), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470682807.ch16

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Internal Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

  2. 4

    General Practice and Primary Care Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

  3. 5

    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK

  4. 6

    School of Medicine, Swansea University, Swansea, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Opthamology, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK

  2. 2

    School of Clinical Medical Sciences, Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 19 FEB 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470032749

Online ISBN: 9780470682807

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Keywords:

  • proliferative retinopathy;
  • maculopathy;
  • macular oedema;
  • type 1 diabetes;
  • type 2 diabetes;
  • photocoagulation;
  • vitrectomy;
  • blood pressure;
  • blood glucose control;
  • blindness

Summary

Diabetic retinopathy is the commonest cause of preventable blindness in the adult population if comprehensive annual retinal screening is not performed. However, laser therapy is so successful that early detection of sight-threatening retinopathy leads to preservation of vision in the majority of cases. The genetic and non-genetic risk factors for sight - threatening diabetic retinopathy are considered together with details of laser and vitrectomy treatment for proliferative retinopathy, maculopathy and advanced diabetic retinopathy