Chapter 2. Classification of Diabetes

  1. William H. Herman2,
  2. Ann Louise Kinmonth3,
  3. Nicholas J. Wareham4 and
  4. Rhys Williams5
  1. Maximilian de Courten

Published Online: 12 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470682807.ch2

The Evidence Base for Diabetes Care, Second Edition

The Evidence Base for Diabetes Care, Second Edition

How to Cite

de Courten, M. (2010) Classification of Diabetes, in The Evidence Base for Diabetes Care, Second Edition (eds W. H. Herman, A. L. Kinmonth, N. J. Wareham and R. Williams), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470682807.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Internal Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

  2. 3

    General Practice and Primary Care Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

  3. 4

    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK

  4. 5

    School of Medicine, Swansea University, Swansea, UK

Author Information

  1. School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences, Monash University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 19 FEB 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470032749

Online ISBN: 9780470682807



  • evidence-based definition and classification;
  • classification of diabetes;
  • diabetes mellitus - metabolic disorder of multiple aetiologies – syndrome or a collection of disorders;
  • insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM);
  • oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT);
  • diagnostic criteria for diabetes;
  • Kuzuya and Matsuda's - separating staging of glucose intolerance from sub-classification as per aetiological type;
  • glycaemia disorders - aetiological types and stages;
  • protein-deficient pancreatic diabetes (PDPD or PDDM) as malnutrition modulated diabetes mellitus;
  • evidence base for diagnostic thresholds


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Evolution of the classification and terminology of diabetes

  • Current criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus

  • Evidence base for diagnostic thresholds

  • What is the best diagnostic test?

  • Conclusions

  • References