Chapter 3. Perfluoroalkyl Compounds

  1. Stuart Harrad
  1. Naomi L. Stock1,2,
  2. Derek C. G. Muir3 and
  3. Scott Mabury2

Published Online: 29 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470684122.ch3

Persistent Organic Pollutants

Persistent Organic Pollutants

How to Cite

Stock, N. L., Muir, D. C. G. and Mabury, S. (2009) Perfluoroalkyl Compounds, in Persistent Organic Pollutants (ed S. Harrad), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470684122.ch3

Editor Information

  1. Division of Environmental Health and Risk Management, School of Geography, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Worsfold Water Quality Centre, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada

  2. 2

    Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

  3. 3

    Water Science and Technology Directorate, Environment Canada, Burlington, Ontario, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 DEC 2009
  2. Published Print: 18 DEC 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405169301

Online ISBN: 9780470684122



  • perfluoroalkyl compounds;
  • polyfluorinated sulfonamides (FSAs);
  • fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs);
  • perfluoroalkylsulfonic acids/perfluoroalkylsulfonates (PFSAs);
  • perfluorocarboxylic acids/perfluorocarboxylates (PFCAs);
  • fluorotelomer carboxylic acids/fluorotelomer carboxylates


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction and Nomenclature

  • Manufacturing and Production

  • Overview of Toxicology

  • Physical Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate

  • Overview of Measurement Techniques

  • Human Exposure

  • Sources of PFCs to the Environment

  • Environmental Measurements

  • References