Chapter 2. Why Psychiatry Has to be Social

  1. Craig Morgan and
  2. Dinesh Bhugra
  1. Paul E. Bebbington

Published Online: 28 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470684214.ch2

Principles of Social Psychiatry, Second Edition

Principles of Social Psychiatry, Second Edition

How to Cite

Bebbington, P. E. (2010) Why Psychiatry Has to be Social, in Principles of Social Psychiatry, Second Edition (eds C. Morgan and D. Bhugra), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470684214.ch2

Editor Information

  1. NIH Biomedical Research Centre and Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK

Author Information

  1. Department of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 MAR 2010
  2. Published Print: 16 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470697139

Online ISBN: 9780470684214



  • Why psychiatry has to be social - evaluating social processes in relation to psychiatric disorders;
  • social medicine and social psychiatry;
  • mental nature of symptoms - external signs corresponding to internal experiences;
  • Cartesian ambiguity and social psychiatry;
  • anomalous experiences - odd symptoms to typify psychotic and quasi-psychotic states;
  • hallucinations, psychosis and traumatic abuse - links with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD);
  • delusions, beliefs primarily abnormal in content;
  • concept of psychosocial connection - between inner and outer worlds


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Social Medicine and Social Psychiatry

  • The Mental Nature of Symptoms

  • The Cartesian Ambiguity and Social Psychiatry

  • Making Sense in an Error-Strewn World

  • Anomalous Experiences

  • Hallucinations, Psychosis and Traumatic Abuse

  • Delusions

  • The Social Nature of Psychiatric Symptoms and the Genetics of Schizophrenia

  • The Nature of Endophenotypes and the Nature of Mental Symptoms

  • The Concept of the Psychosocial

  • Conclusion

  • References