Chapter 12. Saponin-Based Surfactants

  1. Mikael Kjellin PhD industrial research leader3 and
  2. Ingegärd Johansson4
  1. Wieslaw Oleszek1 and
  2. Arafa Hamed2

Published Online: 11 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470686607.ch12

Surfactants from Renewable Resources

Surfactants from Renewable Resources

How to Cite

Oleszek, W. and Hamed, A. (2010) Saponin-Based Surfactants, in Surfactants from Renewable Resources (eds M. Kjellin and I. Johansson), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470686607.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 3

    YKI, Institute for Surface Chemistry, Stockholm, Sweden

  2. 4

    AkzoNobel Surfactants, Stenungsund, Sweden

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, State Research Institute, Pulawy, Poland

  2. 2

    Department of Botany, Aswan Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Aswan, Egypt

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 5 FEB 2010

Book Series:

  1. Wiley Series in Renewable Resources

Book Series Editors:

  1. Christian V. Stevens

Series Editor Information

  1. Department of Organic Chemistry, Ghent University, Belgium

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470760413

Online ISBN: 9780470686607



  • saponin-based surfactants;
  • soaproot (Chlorogalum pomeidianum), soapbark (Quillaya saponaria), soapwort (Saponaria officinalis);
  • triterpene saponins in dicotyledons;
  • Yucca schidigera and Quillaya saponaria - generally recognized as safe (GRAS) label;
  • nonpolar sapogenin and water-soluble side chain combination;
  • carboxylic acid in saponin - influencing surface activity;
  • ‘sandwich-like’ or ‘pile of coins like’ micelles with bile acids;
  • saponin application as surfactants and emulsifiers;
  • hydrolysed ginseng saponin quaternary (HGSQ);
  • increase in degradability and dry matter and starch solubility increases


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Molecular Properties

  • Sources of Saponins

  • Saponins as Emulsifiers and Surfactants

  • Application of Saponins as Surfactants and Emulsifiers

  • Acknowledgements

  • References