Chapter 5. Amino Acids, Lactic Acid and Ascorbic Acid as Raw Materials for Biocompatible Surfactants

  1. Mikael Kjellin PhD industrial research leader3 and
  2. Ingegärd Johansson4
  1. Carmen Moran1,
  2. Lourdes Perez2,
  3. Ramon Pons2,
  4. Aurora Pinazo2 and
  5. Maria Rosa Infante2

Published Online: 11 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470686607.ch5

Surfactants from Renewable Resources

Surfactants from Renewable Resources

How to Cite

Moran, C., Perez, L., Pons, R., Pinazo, A. and Infante, M. R. (2010) Amino Acids, Lactic Acid and Ascorbic Acid as Raw Materials for Biocompatible Surfactants, in Surfactants from Renewable Resources (eds M. Kjellin and I. Johansson), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470686607.ch5

Editor Information

  1. 3

    YKI, Institute for Surface Chemistry, Stockholm, Sweden

  2. 4

    AkzoNobel Surfactants, Stenungsund, Sweden

Author Information

  1. 1

    Chemistry Department, Coimbra University, Coimbra, Portugal

  2. 2

    Instituto de Química Avanzada de Catalu˜na, Barcelona, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 5 FEB 2010

Book Series:

  1. Wiley Series in Renewable Resources

Book Series Editors:

  1. Christian V. Stevens

Series Editor Information

  1. Department of Organic Chemistry, Ghent University, Belgium

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470760413

Online ISBN: 9780470686607



  • sustainable chemistry - innovation and development process in chemical industry;
  • surfactants meeting performance and cost–benefit requirements;
  • renewable and biodegradable sources;
  • synthetically produced l-AA - in pharmaceutical, food, beverage and feed industries;
  • lysine-based surfactants;
  • structure amphiphiles design by hydrophobic modulation;
  • enzymatic or chemoenzymatic catalysts;
  • chemical synthesis of fatty acid esters of lactic acid and lactylates;
  • lactic-based surfactants and LFEGPG;
  • lactic acid glycerol monostereate (LACTEM)


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Production of Raw Materials

  • Lysine-Based Surfactants

  • Lactic Acid-Based Surfactants

  • Ascorbic Acid-Based Surfactants

  • References