Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites: Pressure Vessels for Aerospace Applications
Published Online: 15 DEC 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering
How to Cite
Chang, J. and Newhouse, N. 2010. Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites: Pressure Vessels for Aerospace Applications. Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering. .
- Published Online: 15 DEC 2010
A composite overwrapped pressure vessel (COPV) is a thin liner overwrapped by fiber reinforced polymer matrix composite material (FRPMC) through either wet filament winding process or layup with prepegs. Because of the weight benefit, space shuttle and International Space Station used COPVs for the storage of various fluids including gaseous oxygen, gaseous nitrogen, and gaseous helium. Other space systems such as launch vehicles and satellites also use COPVs in their propulsion or control subsystems. This chapter describes briefly the manufacturing process for producing a COPV and some key design and test requirements that are being imposed on space flight COPVs.
- composite overwrapped pressure vessel (COPV);
- impact damage;
- leak-before-burst (LBB);
- safe life;
- nondestructive inspection (NDI)