Chapter 2. History of College Counseling and Mental Health Services and Role of the Community Mental Health Model

  1. Jerald Kay MD Professor Chair2 and
  2. Victor Schwartz MD University Dean of Students3
  1. Paul Barreira Director and
  2. Malorie Snider

Published Online: 6 APR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470686836.ch2

Mental Health Care in the College Community

Mental Health Care in the College Community

How to Cite

Barreira, P. and Snider, M. (2010) History of College Counseling and Mental Health Services and Role of the Community Mental Health Model, in Mental Health Care in the College Community (eds J. Kay and V. Schwartz), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470686836.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Psychiatry, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, East Medical Plaza, 627 S. Edwin Moses Dr, Dayton, OH 45408, USA

  2. 3

    Yeshiva University, Associate Professor of Clinical Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 500 W.185th St., New York, NY 10033, USA

Author Information

  1. Behavioral Health and Academic Counseling, Harvard University Health Service, 75 Mt. Auburn Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 6 APR 2010
  2. Published Print: 9 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470746189

Online ISBN: 9780470686836



  • history - college counseling and mental health services, role of community mental health model;
  • colleges - providing comprehensive mental health and counseling services;
  • increased pressure providing services - increasing growing tension between disciplines;
  • mental hygiene movement - 1909;
  • college, university counseling centers, mental health services - emphasizing importance of prevention over other forms of intervention;
  • task of promoting student mental health - responsibility of the general “counseling center”;
  • organizational and professional developments - solidifying counseling psychology and promoting growth of college counseling centers


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Early development of college and university counseling centers and mental hygiene programs: pre-1945

  • Professionalism and response to increase in student enrolment

  • Formalization of roles and attention to developmental issues and prevention

  • Community Mental Health Movement

  • An example of the early application of community mental health at colleges and universities: Dana Farnsworth

  • Potential modern applications of the CHM model to educational settings

  • Conclusion

  • References