19. Standards for Color Measurement and Viewing

  1. Phil Green MSc, PhD Reader member

Published Online: 11 FEB 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470688106.ch19

Color Management: Understanding and using ICC Profiles

Color Management: Understanding and using ICC Profiles

How to Cite

Green, P. (ed) (2010) Standards for Color Measurement and Viewing, in Color Management: Understanding and using ICC Profiles, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470688106.ch19

Editor Information

  1. London College of Communication, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 FEB 2010
  2. Published Print: 12 FEB 2010

Book Series:

  1. Wiley-IS&T Series in Imaging Science and Technology

Book Series Editors:

  1. Michael A. Kriss

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470058251

Online ISBN: 9780470688106



  • backing;
  • color measurement;
  • densitometry;
  • graphic arts;
  • photography-density measurements;
  • polarization


The standards involved in graphic arts measurement and viewing are: ISO 5, photography-density measurements; ISO 3664, viewing conditions- graphic technology and photography; and ISO 13655, graphic technology- spectral measurement and colorimetric computation for graphic arts images. The driving force behind the backing issue is that traditionally densitometry has used a black backing to minimize the effects of printing or other marks on the back side of the specimen being measured. Prior to the revision of the ISO 5 series of standards, ISO 5-3 made no provision for the computation of density from digital data. The revision of ISO 5-4 adds polarization and defines a requirement and test for polarization efficiency. The most significant change in ISO 13655 relates to the issue of illumination conditions and their applicability. These conditions are now fully defined in ISO 13655 and referenced from the other standards.

Controlled Vocabulary Terms

computer graphics; densitometry; image colour analysis; photography; polarisation