Standard Article

Taxonomy and Nomenclature of Bacteria


General Basic Characteristics

  1. John T. Magee PhD Scientific Officer

Published Online: 15 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470688618.taw0002

Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections

Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections

How to Cite

Magee, J. T. 2010. Taxonomy and Nomenclature of Bacteria. Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections. .

Author Information

  1. Cardiff Public Health Laboratory, Cardiff, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2010


  • 1
    An introductory Perspective
  • 2
    One Classification or Many? The Importance of Context
  • 3
    Stack or Flat: the Practical Relevance of Hierarchical Classifications
  • 4
    History and Operation of the Formal Classification
  • 5
    The Process of Classification
  • 6
  • 7
    Characterization Tests
  • 8
    Visualizing the Results of a Classification Study
  • 9
    The ‘Type’ Concept and Service Culture Collections
  • 10
    The Species Concept
  • 11
    Speciation and Evolution
  • 12
    Origins, Evolution, and Controversy
  • 13
    What's in a New Name?
  • 14
    The Future
  • 15


  • taxonomy and bacteria nomenclature;
  • mixture of science, philosophy and formal regulation-division of bacteria into named groups;
  • International Committee for Systematic Bacteriology (ICSB) and Bacteriological Code;
  • stack or flat-practical relevance of hierarchical classifications;
  • Bergey's manual-gross changes in arrangement and membership of higher taxa;
  • microbes-assigned to six species in class Chaos by Linnaeus;
  • process of classification and colony morphology;
  • speciation and evolution-bacteriology and its contribution to our understanding;
  • characterization tests and characterization methods;
  • evolutionary hierarchy for bacterial lineage-based on 16S rDNA sequencing