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Healthcare–Associated Infections


General Epidemiology, Transmission, and Therapy

  1. Mark H. Wilcox BMedSci BM BS MD MRCPath Professor/Consultant, Professor of Medical Microbiology1,
  2. Robert C. Spencer MBBS MSc FRCPath FRCP(G) HonDipHic, Laboratory Director2

Published Online: 15 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470688618.taw0016

Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections

Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections

How to Cite

Wilcox, M. H. and Spencer, R. C. 2010. Healthcare–Associated Infections. Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Leeds General Infirmary and University of Leeds, Old Medical School, Leeds, UK

  2. 2

    South West Regional Laboratory, Health Protection Agency, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2010


  • 1
  • 2
    Occurrence, Consequences, and Cost of Healthcare-Associated Infection
  • 3
    History of Knowledge of Healthcare-Associated Infection
  • 4
    Mode of Spread of Infection in Hospitals
  • 5
    Hospital Infections at Various Body Sites
  • 6
    Hospital Infection at the Extremes of Life
  • 7
    The Role of Individual Pathogens
  • 8
    Investigation and Surveillance of Infection
  • 9
    Organization of Hospital Infection Control


  • healthcare-associated infections;
  • ‘hospital-acquired infection‘-infections causing illness, not present initially or in incubation period;
  • National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS);
  • severe acute respiratory syndrome;
  • mode of spread of infection in hospitals;
  • infections transmitted-blood transfusion and tissue donation;
  • hospital infections at body sites;
  • epidemiological typing-characterization of isolates to intraspecies level