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Bloodstream Infection and Endocarditis

Bacteriology

Organ and System Infections

  1. Harald Seifert MD Professor of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene,
  2. Hilmar Wisplinghoff MD

Published Online: 15 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470688618.taw0019

Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections

Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections

How to Cite

Seifert, H. and Wisplinghoff, H. 2010. Bloodstream Infection and Endocarditis. Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections. .

Author Information

  1. University of Cologne, Institute for Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, Cologne, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2010

Abstract

  • 1
    Bloodstream Infection
  • 2
    Introduction
  • 3
    Definitions
  • 4
    Technical Issues
  • 5
    Specimen Collection and Transport
  • 6
    Sample Processing
  • 7
    Interpretation of Results
  • 8
    Pathogens
  • 9
    Gram-Positive Organisms
  • 10
    Gram-Negative Organisms
  • 11
    Fungi
  • 12
    Anaerobic Bacteria
  • 13
    Microorganisms with Special Requirements
  • 14
    Management of Bloodstream Infection
  • 15
    Infective Endocarditis
  • 16
    Introduction
  • 17
    Epidemiology
  • 18
    Pathogenesis
  • 19
    Microbiology
  • 20
    ‘Culture-Negative’ Endocarditis

Keywords:

  • bloodstream infection and endocarditis;
  • bloodstream infections (BSI)-major cause of morbidity and mortality;
  • continuously monitoring blood culture system (CMBCS);
  • antimicrobial chemotherapy appropriateness-correlated with survival;
  • BSI by Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS)-mostly nosocomial;
  • infective endocarditis and ‘Culture-negative’ endocarditis;
  • prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE);
  • endocarditis prevention