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Enterococcus

Bacteriology

Organisms and Their Biology

  1. Lúcia M. Teixeira PhD Associate Professor1,
  2. Richard R. Facklam PhD2

Published Online: 15 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470688618.taw0034

Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections

Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections

How to Cite

Teixeira, L. M. and Facklam, R. R. 2010. Enterococcus. Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Department of Medical Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology, RJ, Brazil

  2. 2

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Distinguished Consultant, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Atlanta, GA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2010

Abstract

  • 1
    Genus Definition
  • 2
    Historical Perspective
  • 3
    Habitat
  • 4
    Cultural Characteristics and Morphology
  • 5
    Metabolism and Growth Requirements
  • 6
    Important Genetic Mechanisms
  • 7
    Cell-Wall Composition and Antigenic Structures
  • 8
    Classification and Identification of Species
  • 9
    Laboratory Isolation
  • 10
    Susceptibility to Antimicrobial Agents
  • 11
    Typing Methods
  • 12
    Bacteriocins and Bacteriophages
  • 13
    Role in Normal Flora of Humans
  • 14
    Pathogenicity and Virulence Factors

Keywords:

  • enterococcus;
  • genus Enterococcus-gram-positive cocci, singly or arranged in pairs or short chains;
  • metabolism and growth requirements;
  • cell-wall composition and antigenic structures;
  • SDS-PAGE analysis of WCP profiles-extensively evaluated;
  • susceptibility to antimicrobial agents;
  • bacteriocins and bacteriophages;
  • enterococci-commensal microorganisms acting as opportunistic pathogens