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The Emergence and Re-Emergence of Viral Diseases

Virology

Principles of Diagnosis and Control

  1. Brian W. J. Mahy MA PhD ScD DSc Senior Scientific Research Advisor1,
  2. Frederick A. Murphy DVM PhD2

Published Online: 15 MAR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470688618.taw0276

Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections

Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections

How to Cite

Mahy, B. W. J. and Murphy, F. A. 2010. The Emergence and Re-Emergence of Viral Diseases. Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA

  2. 2

    University of California Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, CA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2010

Abstract

  • 1
    Introduction
  • 2
    Determinants Contributing to the Emergence of New Diseases
  • 3
    The Virus: Variation and the Emergence of New Viral Phenotypes
  • 4
    The Individual Host: Susceptibility/Resistance Factors Favoring the Emergence of Viral Diseases
  • 5
    The Host Population: Individual and Societal Behavioral Factors Favoring the Emergence of Viral Diseases
  • 6
    The Environment: Ecological and Zoonotic Factors Favoring the Emergence of Viral Diseases
  • 7
    The Prevention and Control of New, Emerging, and Re-Emerging Viral Diseases

Keywords:

  • emergence and re-emergence of viral diseases;
  • polymerase chain reaction (PCR);
  • genetic mechanisms driving virus evolution-mutation, recombination, and reassortment of genes;
  • western equine encephalitis virus (WEE);
  • HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS);
  • hendra virus and nipah virus;
  • west Nile virus (WNV);
  • dengue, most rapidly emerging diseases in tropical parts of the world