Chapter 1. Introduction: Rationale, Potentials, and Promise of Systematic Reviews

  1. Matthias Egger1,
  2. George Davey Smith2 and
  3. Douglas G Altman3
  1. Matthias Egger,
  2. George Davey Smith and
  3. Keith O'Rourke

Published Online: 17 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470693926.ch1

Systematic Reviews in Health Care: Meta-Analysis in Context, Second Edition

Systematic Reviews in Health Care: Meta-Analysis in Context, Second Edition

How to Cite

Egger, M., Smith, G. D. and O'Rourke, K. (2001) Introduction: Rationale, Potentials, and Promise of Systematic Reviews, in Systematic Reviews in Health Care: Meta-Analysis in Context, Second Edition (eds M. Egger, G. D. Smith and D. G. Altman), BMJ Publishing Group, London, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470693926.ch1

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Senior Lecturer in Epidemiology and Public Health Medicine, Division of Health Services, Research and MRC Health Services Research Collaboration, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK

  2. 2

    Professor of Clinical Epidemiology, Division of Epidemiology and MRC Health Services Research Collaboration, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK

  3. 3

    Professor of Statistics in Medicine, ICRF Medical Statistics, Group, Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oxford, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2001

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780727914880

Online ISBN: 9780470693926

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Keywords:

  • meta-analysis;
  • epidemiological studies;
  • myocardial infarction;
  • cardiac event;
  • control therapy

Summary

This chapter contains section titled:

  • Summary Points

  • Systematic Review, Overview or Meta—Analysis?

  • The Scope of Meta—Analysis

  • Historical Notes

  • Why do we need Systematic Reviews? A Patient with Myocardial Infarction in 1981

  • Narrative Reviews

  • Limitations of a Single Study

  • A more Transparent Appraisal

  • The Epidemiology of Results

  • What was the Evidence in 1981? Cumulative Metaanalysis

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgements