Chapter 7. Violent Police-Suspect Encounters: The Impact of Environmental Stressors on the Use of Lethal Force

  1. Adrian Needs and
  2. Graham Towl
  1. Aldert Vrij and
  2. Jo Barton

Published Online: 1 APR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470693971.ch7

Applying Psychology to Forensic Practice

Applying Psychology to Forensic Practice

How to Cite

Vrij, A. and Barton, J. (2008) Violent Police-Suspect Encounters: The Impact of Environmental Stressors on the Use of Lethal Force, in Applying Psychology to Forensic Practice (eds A. Needs and G. Towl), Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470693971.ch7

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 APR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405105415

Online ISBN: 9780470693971

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • violent police;
  • encounters;
  • authorized firearms officers;
  • shooting behaviour research;
  • environmental stressors

Summary

This chapter contains section titled:

  • Introduction

  • Decision Making to Use Lethal Force in Confrontations with Suspects: A Model

  • Empirical Support for the Environmental Stressor Performance Model

  • Dependent Variables

  • Do Environmental Stressors Increase Arousal?

  • Do High Temperature, Street Noise, and High Speed Driving Result in Excessive Use of Force?

  • Are Field-Independent Police Officers Less Affected by Environmental Stressors than Field-Dependent Officers?