Chapter 6. Gunshot Residue Examination

  1. Brian J. Heard

Published Online: 29 SEP 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470694589.ch6

Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics: Examining and Interpreting Forensic Evidence, Second Edition

Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics: Examining and Interpreting Forensic Evidence, Second Edition

How to Cite

Heard, B. J. (2008) Gunshot Residue Examination, in Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics: Examining and Interpreting Forensic Evidence, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470694589.ch6

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 SEP 2008
  2. Published Print: 11 JUL 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470694602

Online ISBN: 9780470694589

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • GSR/FDR;
  • Proof of Firing;
  • GSR distribution;
  • chemical tests;
  • SEM/EDX;
  • sampling;
  • interpretation;
  • positive GSR;
  • indicative GSR;
  • Conservation;
  • contamination;
  • Search Parameters;
  • Statistical Search Patterns

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Formation of Discharge Residue

  • Distribution of GSR Particles

  • Identification of GSR Particles

  • The Use of the SEM for GSR Detection

  • Sample Collection

  • GSR Retention

  • Conservation of GSR Particles on the Hands

  • GSR Distribution on the Hands

  • Identification of Type of Ammunition, Country of Origin from GSR Analysis

  • Environmental Contaminants

  • Sources of Elements Commonly Found in Lead-Based GSRs

  • Extending the Recovery Period for GSR

  • References