Chapter 4. The Atmosphere under Gravity

  1. Maarten H. P. Ambaum

Published Online: 16 APR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470710364.ch4

Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere

Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere

How to Cite

Ambaum, M. H. P. (2010) The Atmosphere under Gravity, in Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470710364.ch4

Author Information

  1. Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 APR 2010
  2. Published Print: 9 APR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470745151

Online ISBN: 9780470710364

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Keywords:

  • atmosphere under gravity - isothermal atmosphere and statistical mechanics;
  • gravitational potential energy of an air parcel;
  • geopotential height - rotation effects;
  • hydrostatic balance - hydrostatic pressure decrease with height;
  • adiabatic lapse rate of ideal gas;
  • upward buoyancy force, on fluid parcel and Archimedes' law;
  • dry static energy and Bernoulli function

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Geopotential

  • Hydrostatic balance

  • Adiabatic lapse rate

  • Buoyancy

  • Dry static energy and Bernoulli function

  • Statistical mechanics

  • Problems