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1. Introduction to the Theory of Information

  1. Konrad Szaciłowski1,2

Published Online: 16 MAY 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9780470710883.ch1

Infochemistry: Information Processing at the Nanoscale

Infochemistry: Information Processing at the Nanoscale

How to Cite

Szaciłowski, K. (2012) Introduction to the Theory of Information, in Infochemistry: Information Processing at the Nanoscale, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470710883.ch1

Author Information

  1. 1

    Faculty of Non-Ferrous Metals, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland

  2. 2

    Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAY 2012
  2. Published Print: 22 JUN 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470710722

Online ISBN: 9780470710883

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Keywords:

  • theory of information, Hartley and Shannon's syntactic theory;
  • information storage, transferand processing;
  • brainsand computers, building blocks based on structural complexity;
  • concept of information on context, thermodynamic to entropy;
  • energy dissipation, the Second Law of Thermodynamicsand Fokker–Planck;
  • information processing at pragmatic levels, time dependent;
  • Boolean algebra, De Morgan duality, combinatorial via NAND gates;
  • signal distinguishability on logic, Booleanalgebra, OR,AND, XOR, NOT;
  • binary logic, finite number of orthogonal logic states;
  • reversible, non-destructive computing in information reversal

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Definition and Properties of Information

  • Principles of Boolean Algebra

  • Digital Information Processingand Logic Gates

  • Ternary and Higher Logic Calculi

  • Irreversible vs Reversible Logic

  • Quantum Logic

  • References