13. Scientific Satellites

  1. Anil K. Maini and
  2. Varsha Agrawal

Published Online: 4 SEP 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470711736.ch13

Satellite Technology, Second Edition, Second Edition

Satellite Technology, Second Edition, Second Edition

How to Cite

Maini, A. K. and Agrawal, V. (2010) Scientific Satellites, in Satellite Technology, Second Edition, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470711736.ch13

Author Information

  1. Both of Laser Science and Technology Centre, Defence Research and Development Organization, Ministry of Defence, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 SEP 2010
  2. Published Print: 15 OCT 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470660249

Online ISBN: 9780470711736



  • earth environment studies;
  • laser geodynamics satellite (LAGEOS);
  • scientific satellites


This chapter focuses on scientific applications of satellites covering in detail the contributions made by these satellites to Earth sciences, solar physics, astronomy and astrophysics. Payloads carried by these satellites are also discussed. The chapter also contains a large number of illustrative photographs. Scientific satellites carry a variety of payloads depending upon their intended mission. The main application areas of these satellites include space geodesy (study of Earth), study of Earth's atmosphere, the solar system and the universe. Earth environment studies include studies of the ionosphere, magnetosphere and upper atmosphere. Scientific satellites are also used for tectonics and internal geodynamic measurements. Scientific satellites carry out research in the fields of microgravity, cosmic rays and fundamental physics.

Controlled Vocabulary Terms

Earth; satellite communication