3. Satellite Launch and In-Orbit Operations

  1. Anil K. Maini and
  2. Varsha Agrawal

Published Online: 4 SEP 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470711736.ch3

Satellite Technology, Second Edition, Second Edition

Satellite Technology, Second Edition, Second Edition

How to Cite

Maini, A. K. and Agrawal, V. (2010) Satellite Launch and In-Orbit Operations, in Satellite Technology, Second Edition, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470711736.ch3

Author Information

  1. Both of Laser Science and Technology Centre, Defence Research and Development Organization, Ministry of Defence, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 SEP 2010
  2. Published Print: 15 OCT 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470660249

Online ISBN: 9780470711736



  • Earth coverage;
  • Eclipses;
  • geostationary orbit;
  • launch sequences;
  • mathematical expressions;
  • perturbing torques;
  • spin stabilization


This chapter addresses all the issues and also other related issues like Earth coverage, eclipses and pointing towards a given satellite from Earth. It deals with mathematics wherever necessary and a large number of solved problems. The parameters that define an orbit as well as the factors, upon which each one of these parameters is dependent, have been discussed, with the help of relevant mathematical expressions. In the chapter, the discussion will centre on typical launch sequences employed worldwide for putting satellites in the geostationary orbit, as putting a satellite in a lower circular or elliptical orbit is only a step towards achieving the geostationary orbit. The satellite once placed in its orbit, experiences various perturbing torques that cause variations in its orbital parameters with time. Commonly employed techniques for satellite attitude control include: spin stabilization and three-axis or body stabilization.

Controlled Vocabulary Terms

Earth orbit; eclipses; stability; torque