3. Environmental Science; Guiding Green Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Product Innovations

  1. Wei Zhang3 and
  2. Berkeley W. Cue Jr.4
  1. Richard T. Williams1 and
  2. Travis R. Williams2

Published Online: 29 MAY 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9780470711828.ch3

Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry

Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry

How to Cite

Williams, R. T. and Williams, T. R. (2012) Environmental Science; Guiding Green Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Product Innovations, in Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry (eds W. Zhang and B. W. Cue), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470711828.ch3

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Center for Green Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

  2. 4

    BWC Pharma Consulting, LLC, Green Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ledyard, Connecticut, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Environmental Science & Green Chemistry Consulting, East Lyme, Connecticut, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Chemistry, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 MAY 2012
  2. Published Print: 22 JUN 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470711514

Online ISBN: 9780470711828

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Keywords:

  • environmental science, guiding GC, and product innovations;
  • GC, synthetic molecules disassembled through biodegradation;
  • hazard, intrinsic characteristics of chemical, or process;
  • analytical chemistry, and trace level contaminants;
  • GC roadmap, reducing hazard and costs;
  • EPR mandates;
  • mechanisms, determining chemical fate, biodegradation, photolysis;
  • manufacturing process improvements;
  • product design scientists and product formulations, and innovation;
  • nanotechnology drug delivery platforms, and drug commercialization

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Market Forces

  • Indicators (Attributes) of Environmental Performance

  • Environmental Impact

  • Strategic Approach to Greener Manufacturing Processes and Products

  • Manufacturing Process Improvements

  • Product Improvements

  • Environmental Decision Making

  • Case Study – Pharmaceuticals/Biologics

  • Case Study – Nanotechnology

  • Green Credentials and Environmental Standards

  • Inspiring Innovation – Academic and Industry Programs

  • Conclusions and Recommendations

  • References