Chapter 21. Obesity in Childhood

  1. Gareth Williams3 and
  2. Gema Frühbeck4
  1. Julian Shield1 and
  2. Carolyn Summerbell2

Published Online: 28 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470712221.ch21

Obesity: Science to Practice

Obesity: Science to Practice

How to Cite

Shield, J. and Summerbell, C. (2009) Obesity in Childhood, in Obesity: Science to Practice (eds G. Williams and G. Frühbeck), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470712221.ch21

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

  2. 4

    Department of Endocrinology, Clínica Universitaria, de Navarra, Avda. Pío XII, 36, 31008 - Pamplona, Spain

Author Information

  1. 1

    JP Hamilton-Shield, Institute of Child Life & Health, UBHT Education Centre, Upper Maudlin Street, Bristol BS2 8AE, UK

  2. 2

    School of Health & Social Care, Centuria Building, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, Tees Valley TS1 3BA, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 APR 2009
  2. Published Print: 27 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470019115

Online ISBN: 9780470712221



  • obesity in childhood;
  • waist circumference;
  • lifestyle-related obesity;
  • endocrine disorders – Cushing syndrome, hypothyroidism, hypopituitarism and growth hormone deficiency;
  • socio-economic status – important in determining the risk of obesity in childhood;
  • pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) – important effector of leptin's central actions;
  • impaired glucose tolerance (IGT);
  • non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) – frequently accompanies obesity in adults;
  • morbid obesity – risk factor for increased glomerular size


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Defining obesity in children

  • Aetiology of childhood obesity

  • Consequences of childhood obesity

  • Investigation and assessment

  • Treatment of childhood obesity

  • Prevention of childhood obesity

  • References